Play is older than culture. With this phrase begins Homo Ludens. A Study of the Play Element in Culture, published by the historian Johan Huizinga in 1938. Huizinga sustains, as the book’s central thesis, that culture appears in the form of play – or to put it another way, that culture in its early manifestations evolves through the forms of and with the spirit of play.

Using Huizinga’s vision as a starting point, and complemented by the non-competitive approach to play proposed by the Situationist International, we have devised a visit – a drift really, guided by the eleven rules of the game that Allan Kaprow indicated in 1959 in his How to make a happening. This journey follows a route laid by one of the many maps that can be drawn of how creation reaches the public sphere. A route in which the participatory and critical spirit of art can be seen in a set of works that gradually transform landscape into a public, person-focused space.


Código copiado al portapapeles.
María Andueza
Creative Commons by-nc-sa 4.0

Audio quotes

  • Allan Kaprow. How to make a Happening, Primary Information (1969) 
  • John Cage. "Water Walk" en I've Got A Secret (1960)
  • Ant Farm. CarMen...The Opera, Getty Research Institute (1976)  
  • Susanne Lacy. Three weeks of May (1977) 
  • Jules Dassin. The Naked City (1948) 
  • James Webb. In living memory of what never happened (2009) 
  • Floriano Romano. Falante. Escultura sonora itinerante (2007) 
  • Teatro Ojo. México mi amor nunca mires atrás. Estado Fallido 2: multifamiliar Juárez (2009) 
  • 20020. Binaural Madrid, Free Sound (2008)